Liverpool can be traced back to 1190 when it was known as “Liuerpul”, meaning a pool or creek with muddy water. Since then it has expanded to become a cultural and tourist hot spot as well as commercial hub. Read more about the interesting recent history of this riverside city:
The area had grown into a fishing village with King John founding the port in 1207 after conquering Ireland and needing another port to send goods and men across the Irish Sea. The weekly market at the port attracted tradesman and craftsmen to live in the area as well as the King dividing the land and inviting people to come and build houses. At this time the population was still small at only around 1,000 habitants.
1699 - 1880
It wasn’t until 1699 that the rapid growth of the population and commerce in Liverpool started. Trade from Ireland and Europe was expanded further to the West Indies and profits from the slave trade helped the town become a lot more prosperous. At the start of the 19th century 40% of the world’s trade passed through Liverpool’s docks. As of 1851 a quarter of the population were Irish-born residents and Chinese immigration became substantial too (Liverpool holds the oldest Chinese community in Europe). Liverpool was declared a city in 1880 after significant expansion and the construction of major buildings such as St George’s Hall and Lime Street Train Station.
1900 – Now
At the beginning of the 20th Century, key landmarks ‘The Graces’ also known as the Port of Liverpool, the Royal Liver Building and the Cunard building were constructed. Both World Wars badly affected the city with 13,000 Liverpudlians being killed in WW1, then 80 air raids destroying half of the city and killing 2,500 residents occurred in WW2.
More recently, Liverpool became famous due to it being the birthplace of the world famous band, The Beatles. Known as “The World Capital City of Pop” by Guinness World Records for the city’s musical history along with the success of Liverpool Football Club makes Liverpool a tourism hotspot.
Nowadays, Liverpool is a commercial hub with strong, economic growth. In 2015, Merseyside’s economy grew faster than any other major British city, increasing by 3.1%. Asif Hamid, interim chair for the Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership, said: “This is an attractive location for businesses to invest and they are doing so in significant numbers.”
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